Approximately 1 in 10 people in Europe have a neurodevelopmental condition and many more identify as neurodivergent. This includes autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), developmental delay, learning and motor disabilities, developmental speech disorders, dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalculia, and several neurogenetic conditions. Neurodevelopmental conditions start early and are life-long. Support needs range from mild (transient, in specific situations or for specific purposes) to strong.
Advances in neurotechnologies hold promise to make a substantial difference to people’s lives. Applications range from detecting differences in brain development in neonatal intensive care units to device-based therapies in clinics or at home, to improving learning opportunities in schools. In order to harness these opportunities and to make neurotechnologies most relevant and user-friendly for professionals and families, bioengineers, medical and social scientists, and neurodivergent families need to work together.